Why is this research important for Alberta ag?
Fusarium graminearum (Fg) and 3ADON as a major chemotype have expanded to Alberta, and this disease is now threatening some of the major growing areas of barley and triticale in this region. Over the past decade, ergot has become a widespread disease issue for Prairie cereal growers.
Barley and triticale varieties from the Field Crop Development Centre (FCDC) are grown across the Prairie region. Disease resistance is a cornerstone of FCDC varieties, and thorough screening is essential to identify and breed disease resistance in new cultivars. This project is a part of the barley and triticale breeding programs of Field Crop Development Centre (FCDC), and is aligned with their mission of developing barley and triticale cultivars resistant to multiple diseases.
What benefits can producers expect from this research?
The development of disease resistant commercial barley and triticale varieties will directly benefit Alberta barley and triticale producers. The improved market quality of new varieties will increase their acceptance by maltsters, provide mycotoxin-free products for end-user consumption and thus, down-grading of the commodity can be avoided. The use of resistance cultivars can also increase productivity by reducing yield and quality losses and fungicide use.
Ultimately, producers can reduce input costs and increase profitability, all while mitigating threats like FHB, scald, and ergot.
How will these research findings reach producers on-farm?
Findings will be used to update the annual Alberta Seed Guide for producers, agronomists, and industry. Knowledge gained will be shared in seminars, conferences, and journals.
Producers, agronomists, seed growers, and other industry professionals will be educated on disease management at field days, industry meetings, seminars, and field tours. Results can also be found in FCDC's annual research report, which is accessible online.